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Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Policies and Best Practices

Sidewalk with ground level perspective and a level About one out of every seven people in the United States have a disability which reduces or limits their mobility, hearing, or vision. These disabilities may be present at birth or a result of an accident or disease. These disabilities can also develop with the normal aging process, and this is important because the United States population as a whole is growing older.

Answers to Common Questions


Summary of Requirements

  • New construction and altered facilities must be “accessible to and usable by” people with disabilities. (ADA Title II and Rehabilitation Act Section 504)
  • Transportation providers must evaluate existing facilities, policies, and programs for discrimination and develop a modification or transition plan that includes:
    • Methods and a schedule for correction/retrofit.
    • Curb ramp installation schedule
      (ADA Title II (28 CFR Part 35.149 and 35.150). 
  • Individual pedestrians must be reasonably accommodated. The most common request is for an accessible pedestrian signal and pushbutton (APS). (ADA Title II and Rehabilitation Act Section 504)

Laws and Regulations

Guidelines (Requirements)

Guidelines (Requirements) for Projects with Federal Funding

Resources for Projects on State Highways 

Other Best Practices