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Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP)

FAST Act STBG Set-Aside Allocations

Background

Federal Transportation Acts from 1991 – 2012 distributed Surface Transportation Program Enhancement (STPE) (aka Transportation Enhancement (TE)) funds in an amount equal to 10 percent of the STP funds apportioned to the state each fiscal year. These funds could only be used for transportation enhancement activities as defined in Title 23, which included facilities and educational activities for pedestrians and bicycles, scenic beautification, historic preservation, and other transportation-related activities.

In 2013, passage of MAP-21 modified the STP - TE program by changing the name and the distribution to align with 2010 census data: Over 200,000 population; Under 200,000 – Over 5,000 population; Under 5,000 population; and Flexible (any area) funds. After coordination with the Task Force, it was decided that the TA funds would be distributed based on the relevant population for each category and total population for the flexible portion.


FAST 2017-2020 Allocations

Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act (FFY 2016-2020) resulted in the convening of a Governor’s FAST Act Advisory group to discuss distribution of federal funds for state and local projects. The FAST Act group agreed that its recommendations would be limited to new distributions of funding. Also, the MPO Coordinating Committee determined they would maintain the TA funds distribution as modified under MAP-21.

Transportation Alternatives allocations are distributed as follows:

  • Over 200,000 population – Distributed based on 2010 Census data as required
  • Under 200,000 – 5,000 population – Distributed based on 2010 Census data for these population areas.
  • Under 5,000 population – Distributed based on 2010 Census data for this population area.
  • Flexible –
    • Prior to distribution, $2.4 million (even year) and $1.7 million (odd year) is provided to the statewide Safe Routes to School program
    • Distributed based on 2010 Census data for the total population of the area.

Reporting

The FAST Act requires WSDOT to report to FHWA on the status of transportation alternatives (TA) projects. FHWA then compiles all the states reports and submit the national report annually to the USDOT Secretary, as well as making it available to the public. The reports are to be based on each Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) and are due to FHWA in early December. Annually, each MPO/RTPO/County that receives a TA allocation is to submit to WSDOT a report for that FFY’s TA allocation that includes:

  • Number of project applications received that FFY;
  • Aggregate cost of the projects for which applications were received that FFY;
  • Number of projects selected for funding that fiscal year, including:
    • Aggregate costs of the projects selected, and
    • Location of the projects selected.
  • Types of projects to be carried out, based on the following seven categories:
    • Pedestrian & Bicycle Facilities
    • Recreational (recreational trail projects only)
    • Turnouts, Overlooks, Viewing Area
    • Historic Preservation
    • Environmental and Wildlife
    • Safe Routes to School
    • Other – Inventory, control or removal of outdoor advertising