MAP-21 created the Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) that provides funding for programs and projects defined as transportation alternatives, including federally funded on- and off-road pedestrian and bicycle facilities, infrastructure projects for improving non-driver access to public transportation and improved mobility, community improvement activities, and environmental remediation; recreational trail program projects; and federally funded safe routes to school projects.
WSDOT allocates (pdf 367 kb) TAP funds to the Regional Transportation Planning Organizations (RTPO’s) for prioritizing and selecting projects that align with their regional priorities involving all entities eligible to participate in a public process. In addition, WSDOT sets delivery targets (pdf 366 kb) for each MPO and county lead agency.
TAP funds are split – 50% is sub-allocated based on population (based on 2010 Census - pdf 244 kb) as follows:
- Areas Over 200,000 population (urbanized) – the funds are distributed to Benton Franklin Council of Governments (BFCG), Puget Sound Regional Council (PSRC), Spokane Regional Transportation Council (SRTC) and Southwest Washington Regional Transportation Council (RTC), based on the MPOs respective levels of urbanized population per the 2010 census. Project selections are made by the MPOs in consultation with the State.
- Areas between 5,000 population and 200,000 population (urban) – the funds are distributed to RTPOs based upon the 2010 census for areas of this size.
- Areas Less than 5,000 population (rural) – the funds are distributed to RTPOs based upon the 2010 census for the rural population areas of the state. This is the first time since 1991 that the rural formula has been modified. MAP-21 maintains the abilities for localities to utilize up to 15 percent of the amount reserved for rural areas for rural minor collector improvements.
The remaining 50% includes:
- Set-aside for Recreational Trails (WA - ~$1.9 million) for additional details on this program contact: http://www.rco.wa.gov/grants/rtp.shtml
- Set-aside for Safe Routes to School - $2.4 million selected through WSDOT (per Steering Committee - pdf 244 kb)
- Remainder provided to the RTPO for anywhere in their area.
Eligible project sponsors include:
- Local governments;
- Regional transportation authorities;
- Transit agencies;
- Natural resource or public land agencies;
- School districts, local education agencies, or schools;
- Tribal governments; and
- Any other local or regional governmental entity with responsibility for oversight of transportation or recreational trails that the State determines to be eligible.
WSDOT and non-profits are no longer eligible sponsors.
For details specific to your area, contact your MPO/RTPO/County (pdf 107 kb) lead agency. Further details on the TAP program are available at: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/map21/or http://ta-clearinghouse.info/index