Transportation Data, GIS & Modeling

Functional Classification

The Functional Classification Map Application allows users to view the Federal Functional Classifications for Washington State as defined and approved by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The map is updated periodically. Changes in the functional classification system may be officially approved and not yet reflected on this site.

Please refer to the Functional Classification Change Request Status (pdf 84kb) document to determine whether approved requests have been included in this map.


 The Functional Class Map below has been upgraded and has increased functionality as well as an excellent Help and Users Guide.

WSDOT Functional Classification Map Application



What is Functional Classification?

Functional classification is the grouping of highways, roads and streets by the character of service they provide and was developed for transportation planning purposes. Basic to this process is the recognition that individual routes do not serve travel independently in any major way. Rather, most travel involves movement through a network of roads. Comprehensive transportation planning, an integral part of total economic and social development, uses functional classification to determine how travel can be channelized within the network in a logical and efficient manner. Functional classification defines the part that any particular route should play in serving the flow of trips through a highway network.

FHWA Directive 23 CFR 470 states that the State transportation agency has the primary responsibility for developing and updating a statewide highway functional classification in rural and urban areas to determine functional usage of the existing roads and streets. The State transportation agency is to cooperate with responsible local officials, or appropriate Federal agency in the case of areas under Federal jurisdiction, in developing and updating the functional classification. The results of the functional classification is to be mapped and submitted to FHWA for approval and when approved serve as the official record for Federal-aid highways and the basis for designation of the National Highway System.

The Washington State Legislature in RCW 47.05.021 and the Federal-Aid Highway Act direct the WSDOT to analyze the entire state highway system to "subdivide", classify, and sub-classify all designated state highways according to their function and importance. For more information on federal guidelines please visit the FHWA website, Functional Classification Guidelines (Concepts, Criteria, and Procedures).


Functional Classification Revision Process

The Functional Classification process is a cooperative effort involving the various local agencies, WSDOT Regions, WSDOT Local Programs, Metropolitan Planning Organizations, Regional Transportation Planning Organizations, Multimodal Planning Division and the Federal Highway Administration.

Crosswalk Table for Referencing Federal Functional Classification Codes at WSDOT: This table crosswalks the old FFC codes to the 2010 FHWA FFC codes and the WSDOT TRIPS FFC codes.

Functional Classification Process Flowchart: This document will outline the basic steps in the functional classification change request process. Your Regional WSDOT Local Programs office can also assist with this process. Updated February 2018.

Functional Classification Change Request Form: All Functional classification requests must include the standard request form. (This is a Microsoft Word document)

Guidelines for Amending Functional Classification in Washington State: Development of new and/or changes of existing functional classifications are based on specific criteria found in this document.

Functional Classification Change Request Status: All current road change classification requests are found here. Last updated 09/23/2021.


Questions or comments regarding the Functional Classification, please email the Functional Classification Section or call (360) 570-2441.



Functional Classification Data Downloads