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Access Permit Guidelines

Can I build a driveway to any state highway?

No, The access classification of a highway determines the spacing between accesses (driveways, private streets, county roads).  The RCW and WAC control the distance between driveways and how many accesses are allowed. There are two types of access control:

• Limited access (no private access permitted)
• Managed access (you can apply for a private access permit)

How do I determine the access limits on the highway?

Access guidelines (pdf 29 kb):  This is a two-page document that summarizes the portions of RCW 47.50 and WAC 468 that govern accesses to the state highways.

Access Table (pdf 13 kb):  This is similar to the access guidelines in an easy to read one-page table format.

If the highway is Limited Access, how do I get access anyway?

Breaking Limited Access (pdf 22 kb):  This is a two page document that provides the information that is required to ask for a break in limited access, either temporary or permanent. 

How do I determine the access classification of my highway?

Access Classification (pdf 63 kb):  This shows the speed limit, managed access (M/A) class, if a highway is limited access (L/A), where WSDOT has planned for limited access and other information.

What are the permanent and temporary access break needs?

This permanent and temporary access breaks needs memo (pdf 30k) should answer most questions on this subject.  

How do I apply for a driveway permit?

Access permit application (pdf 424 kb): This application is for property that is NOT inside the city limits and is required when a new driveway is required or the land use changes; for example: new developments or if a property changes use from commercial to noncommercial.  Please print the application and mail the completed form to WSDOT.

Can I just add a cell tower to my property?

Cell tower permit (pdf 16 kb):  This is an access permit required for cell towers.  Please print the application, complete and mail to WSDOT.

How do I design my driveway?

Access (driveway)  examples:  Use this as a design guide for access connections. 

What happens after my access (driveway) permit is issued?

Pre-construction conference agenda (pdf 26 kb):  A pre-construction conference must take place before any construction within the state right-of-way can begin.  The agenda items must be addressed when the local agency and their contractor meet with the WSDOT representative.

Is there anything other than the permit I need before I build my driveway?

Prior to construction of an access connection, the property owner must provide assurances to the state that the construction will be completed.  Assurance may be provided in one of two ways:

  1. Assignment of savings account (pdf 19 kb): This reserves money in a bank to act as a bond for completion of an approved permit for work on a state highway. It is the alternative to acquiring a bond through a bonding company.
  2. Bond for access permit (pdf 242 kb): This is used with a general permit. A bonded amount of money is reserved to ensure completion of an agreed upon amount of work on a state highway.

What does the WSDOT inspector observe when he inspects my driveway?

Inspection checklist (pdf 9 kb): This answers most questions about what WSDOT inspects.