Climate Impacts - State Airport Vulnerability Assessment

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: (WSDOT), Climate Impacts Vulnerability Assessment Team
Publication_Date: 12/19/2012
Title: Climate Impacts - State Airport Vulnerability Assessment
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Description:
Abstract:
The Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) developed this data set in fulfillment of a grant from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to test a conceptual climate risk assessment model developed for transportation infrastructure. WSDOT applied the model using scenario planning in a series of statewide workshops, using local experts, to create qualitative assessment of climate vulnerability on its assets in each region and mode across Washington. For the purposes of this statewide effort, managed assets were defined as sections of highway or railroad, and whole facilities (Ferry Terminal or Airport). In 2011, fourteen workshops engaged experts across all WSDOT regions, state ferries, rail, and aviation. The outcome of each workshop was a subjective evaluation of asset vulnerability agreed upon by participants. This feature class contains the results for airports.
This study assumed 100% probability of climate change impacts previously identified in the University of Washington Climate Impacts Group's 2009 assessment. Types of impacts discussed in the workshops with local experts included: temperature changes, increase in extreme weather events, precipitation changes, sea level rise, fire risk, and high winds. The scientific community's understanding of climate impacts continues to evolve as the models and collective understanding of feedback systems improve. We do not have perfect information about exactly how, when, where, and to what magnitude climate changes will unfold in Washington State.
After reviewing the extreme weather events and other impacts projected for their area, workshop participants defined sections of highway, rail, or specific facilities with consideration of the local geology, natural and constructed drainage and hydrology, elevation, slope, land use and operational maintenance issues. Once defined, each corridor or facility was then ranked for two variables: asset criticality and potential impact. Asset criticality (which was defined by the workshop participants) should not be confused with other measures such as highway functional class.
1) How critical is that site or corridor to overall transportation operations and public safety? The following scale guided the qualitative assessment of criticality: a. 1-3 = Low - facility/corridor with low daily traffic, available alternate routes, not part of the National Highway System b. 4-6 = Medium - facility/corridor has low to medium daily traffic, serves as an alternate route of other state corridors or facilities c. 7-10 = High - facility/corridor is an Interstate or other major highway, is considered a lifeline route or is the sole access to a population center or critical facility.
2) How might potential climate changes impact site or corridor operations? The following scale guided the assessment of climate impacts: a. 1-3 = Low - Reduced Capacity: facility/corridor partially open to use and full operations can be restored within 10 days b. 4-6 = Medium - Temporary Operational Failure: Facility/corridor closed for hours or days. Reopening or repair could be completed within 60 days. c. 7-10 = High - Complete Failure: facility/corridor likely to require major repair or rebuild with closures lasting more than 60 days
These qualitative rankings for impacts and asset criticality and some general descriptions were captured in spreadsheets that were later used to create GIS layers.
This data is intended for use in statewide or regional planning and to assist in adapting maintenance and engineering policies and practices to protect our transportation infrastructure over the coming decades. The rankings here were based on our knowledge and understanding at the time of the study, and should only be taken as a best professional estimate for considering potential conditions that might put people or infrastructure at risk. Current information about projected climate changes and asset use and condition should always be taken into account, especially as time progresses.
Purpose:
This data provides local experts evaluation of an airport's vulnerability to extreme weather events and other potential climate change impacts. It is primarily intended for use in transportation planning to ensure that consideration is given for protecting and minimizing damage from such events or conditions. These evaluations were developed in local workshops around the state and they assumed the best available climate change impact information in 2011. This information was developed for WSDOT’s use in identifying climate change vulnerabilities of the state transportation facilities. The workshop data provided here represents a risk assessment based on opinion and expertise of WSDOT staff specific to this exercise. Ground conditions and climate change scenarios will change over time, thus users should validate the implications of this data against the current best available information.
Supplemental_Information:
Climate Impacts Vulnerability Assessment Report: <http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/NR/rdonlyres/B290651B-24FD-40EC-BEC3-EE5097ED0618/0/WSDOTClimateImpactsVulnerabilityAssessmentforFHWA_120711.pdf>
Lidar data obtained from the Puget Sound Region Council LiDAR Consortium.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20110301
Beginning_Time: unknown
Ending_Date: 20111031
Ending_Time: unknown
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -124.320458
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -116.770831
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 49.022714
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 45.865885
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: sea level rise (SLR)
Theme_Keyword: criticality
Theme_Keyword: vulnerability
Theme_Keyword: impact
Theme_Keyword: aviation
Theme_Keyword: airport
Theme_Keyword: climate change
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Place_Keyword: Washington State
Place_Keyword: WA
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
This data is for planning purposes. It is not suitable for site specific use. WSDOT views this as a vulnerability assessment rather than a traditional risk assessment. Ground conditions and climate change scenarios will change over time, thus users should validate the implications of this data against the current best available information.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: WSDOT Project Development Division, Design Office
Contact_Person: Sandy Salisbury
Contact_Position: Roadside and Site Development Manager
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 360-705-7245
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 360-705-6815
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: salisbs@wsdot.wa.gov
Data_Set_Credit: WSDOT Climate Impacts Vulnerability Assessment Team, 2011
Security_Information:
Security_Handling_Description: For Planning Only. Not suitable for site specific use.
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.1.3000

Data_Quality_Information:
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The airport points are from the WSDOT airports feature class, TransFeatures.BASE.AirportsWSDOT. WSDOT vulnerability assessment workshop data was compiled in an Excel spreadsheet. The first step in the conversion of the workshop data into GIS data was to format the spreadsheet so it could be used in ArcGIS 10. The spreadsheet was then joined to selected airports from TransFeatures.BASE.AirportsWSDOT based on the airport name, and exported to a new feature class. The data fields are limited to those climate impacts that were discussed in the airport workshop.
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
WSDOT Environmental Services Office, Environmental Information Program
Contact_Person: Tanya Johnson
Contact_Position: GIS/Web Specialist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: P.O. Box 47331
City: Olympia
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98504
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 360-705-7497
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 360-705-6833
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: johnsta@wsdot.wa.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Attributes were updated for the Bandera Airport.
Process_Date: 10/8/2013
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Kathy Prosser
Contact_Organization: WSDOT ESO Environmental Information Program
Contact_Position: Environmental GIS/GPS Data Steward
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: P.O. Box 47331
City: Olympia
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98504-7331
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 360-705-7478
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 360-705-6833
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ProsseK@wsdot.wa.gov
Cloud_Cover: 0

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: Coordinate Pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000419
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000419
Planar_Distance_Units: survey feet
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_North_American_1983_HARN
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Altitude_System_Definition:
Altitude_Resolution: 1.000000
Altitude_Encoding_Method:
Explicit elevation coordinate included with horizontal coordinates

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Airports
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ASSOCIATED
Attribute_Definition:
This attribute is from the original WSDOT feature class. Associated Geographic Place. Nearest Geographic Entity to Airport. This is most often the nearest WA city or populated place.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CivaAirportID
Attribute_Definition: unique ID added for internal purposes
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: County
Attribute_Definition: The county in which the asset is located.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CriticalCategory
Attribute_Definition: the criticality category of the asset, based on "Criticality"
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1 - 3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Low
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4 - 6
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Moderate
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 7 - 10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: High
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Criticality
Attribute_Definition:
This number is a measure of the criticality of an asset, in the opinion of the workshop participants. "1" means least critical while "10" means very critical.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Impact
Attribute_Definition:
This number is a measure of the potential impact of climate change scenarios, in the opinion of workshop participants. The Copalis Beach airport has two values in this field; the first is for 2 feet sea level rise, and the second is for 4 feet sea level rise.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1 - 3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: reduced capacity
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4 - 6
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: temporary operational failure
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 7 - 10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: complete failure
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ImpactCategory
Attribute_Definition: the impact category of the asset, based on "Impact"
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1 - 3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Low
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 4 - 6
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Moderate
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 7 - 10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: High
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LineID
Attribute_Definition:
This attribute is from the original WSDOT feature class. Combination of the Airport ID and Runway Designation.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: MAINTAREA
Attribute_Definition:
The WSDOT maintenance area in which the asset was located at the time of the workshops.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: NAME
Attribute_Definition:
This attribute is from the original WSDOT feature class. Official Airport Name.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: OBJECTID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: RegionCode
Attribute_Definition:
The WSDOT region in which the asset was located at the time of the workshops.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: STATE
Attribute_Definition:
This attribute is from the original WSDOT feature class. State Emergency Airports. This field indicates airports that WSDOT designates as State Owned Emergency Airports.

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
Washington State Department of Transportation, Office of Information Technology
Contact_Person: Jordyn Mitchell
Contact_Position: GIS Database Administrator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: PO Box 47430
City: Olympia
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98504-7430
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 360-705-7645
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mitchejo@wsdot.wa.gov
Distribution_Liability:
The Washington State Department of Transportation shall not be liable for any activity involving this data with regard to lost profits or savings or any other consequential damages; or the fitness for use of the data for a particular purpose; or the installation of the data, its use, or the results obtained.
Standard_Order_Process:
Fees: none
Ordering_Instructions:
Download individual data sets from <http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/mapsdata/geodatacatalog/default.htm>

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20140725
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
WSDOT Environmental Services Office, Environmental Information Program
Contact_Person: Elizabeth Lanzer
Contact_Position: Environmental GIS Data Adminsitrator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: P.O. Box 47331
City: Olympia
State_or_Province: WA
Postal_Code: 98504
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 360-705-7476
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: elizabeth.lanzer@wsdot.wa.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None.
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None.
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

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