The State of Washington has established benchmarks for reducing vehicle miles travelled (VMT). The ambitious targets call for VMT reductions of 18 percent by the year 2020, 30 percent by the year 2035, and 50 percent by mid century. This report discusses estimates and examines impacts of VMT reduction strategies on selected groups and geographic areas mandated by state legislation. The five groups and areas were small businesses whose employees cross county lines to get to work, low-income residents, farmworkers—especially migrant workers, distressed counties, and counties with more than half the land in federal or tribal ownership. The study defined these groups and areas, established a typology of VMT reduction strategies, and made assumptions about behavior and trip lengths based on available literature. It then estimated impacts on the selected groups and areas and suggested several implementation steps and areas for further research.
Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC)
Vehicle miles of travel, Travel behavior, Travel demand management, Economic impacts, Policy, legislation and regulation, Benchmarks, Commuting, Strategic planning, Socioeconomic areas, Low income groups, Counties.