This study examined the freight movement and logistics patterns of six businesses located in urban and suburban centers of metropolitan Seattle. Its two principle objectives were (1) to identify key factors that influence location and transportation choices, patterns, and times and (2) to build a sound foundation for future research regarding urban freight movement's relationship to compact urban form.
The study found that firm location decisions are driven more by land costs than by transportation costs; proximity to denser urban areas means more business for four of six firms investigated; transportation managers adjust to increased congestion; innovations such as smaller trucks and urban-edge transfer stations facilitate freight movement in dense areas; and site and roadway design can have a big impact on urban goods movement. A variety of new approaches, including freight consolidation, congestion pricing, freight friendly urban design, and insights of truckers, were suggested for further analysis.
Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC)
Congestion pricing, Decision making, Freight consolidators, Freight transportation, Innovation, Logistics, Urban design, Urban goods movement.