The size and length of highway construction projects have always created a relatively large potential to cause soil erosion problems. In recent years, regulations and public interest have stimulated awareness of these problems and efforts to address them. New techniques and products have been developed to reduce erosion at its source or interrupt the transport of eroded soil. However, these developments have not heretofore been systematically and comprehensively tested and compared to one another in effectiveness. The Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) and Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) funded research to perform such tests in order to improve the cost-effectiveness of highway construction site erosion and pollution control. The research involved literature review, experimentation at the laboratory and field scales, and compilation of cost data. This manual was produced to implement the results of this research. The manual presents criteria and guidelines relative to a number of slope covering techniques, silt barriers, sedimentation ponds, and construction management techniques. These criteria and guidelines cover method selection (based on applicability and relative cost-effectiveness), design, installation, and maintenance.