The purpose of this study is to establish guidelines and procedures for the measurement of the social effects of transportation systems and facilities on both a regional and community or neighborhood level. This coincides with the increased emphasis on human factors in the planning and design of transportation systems and facilities which has necessitated the development of a systematic approach to gathering social data and developing normative standards. In part this increased emphasis has been mandated by Federal statutes such as the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and the Intergovernmental Act of 1968.
A detailed examination of the seven-fold classification scheme of social factors and an emphasis on the methodologies used to evaluate social impacts is discussed. Emphasis is placed on the analytical framework utilizing the major phases of inventorying existing social conditions, identifying potential changes and measurement of probable impacts. From this analysis a systematic approach to identifying and measuring social impact in transportation planning is put forth, for use by those assigned this responsibility.
July 4, 2007
Washington (State). Dept. of Highways. Social and Economic Planning Section.
Washington State Highway Commission.
- # of Pages: 29 p., 972 KB (PDF)
- Subject: Community involvement, City planning, Context sensitive design,
Environmental impacts, Guidelines, Land use planning, Multicultural factors, Public opinion, Public participation, Procedures, Quality of life, Social factors, Social impacts, Socioeconomic factors, Surveys, Transportation planning.
- Keywords: Measurement of social impact, social factors, community identity, community values and desires, community cohesion, disruption, displacement, relocation, minority interests.
- Related Publications: Social Factors in Transportation Planning: Executive Summary, (WA-RD 25.0).
Guidelines for the Development and Implementation of Community Involvement Programs, (WA-RD 25.1).
Guidelines for Conducting Surveys Concerning Transportation, (WA-RD 25.3).
Guidelines for the Operation of Interdisciplinary Teams, (WA-RD 25.4).
Guidelines for Team Scheduling and Management, (WA-RD 25.5).
Guidelines for Identification and Analysis of Social Factors in Transportation Planning, (WA-RD 25.6).
This abstract was last modified April 29, 2008