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SR 520 - Evans Creek Mitigation

Evans Creek mitigation site

The Washington State Department of Transportation provided wetland mitigation at the confluence of Bear Creek and Evans Creek in the city of Redmond. This work was part of the Medina to SR 202: Eastside Transit and HOV Project.

WSDOT, the city of Redmond, and local watershed groups identified the Evans Creek mitigation site as an important wetland habitat area. The mitigation work strengthens the local natural environment by improving the quality of wetland habitat. The improvements mitigate for a loss in wetlands resulting from the construction of the Eastside project.

Why did WSDOT provide mitigation?

Through the environmental review process, WSDOT works to avoid, minimize and mitigate for all project effects. While we have avoided and minimized to the greatest practical extent, construction of the Eastside project resulted in the loss of approximately 6 acres of wetlands in the Eastside project area. To mitigate for these wetland effects, WSDOT provided improvements at the Evans Creek site.

What did the Evans Creek mitigation project include?

WSDOT provided wetland mitigation on approximately 32 acres near the city of Redmond. This mitigation occurred on land that was previously farmed. WSDOT will monitor the site and collect data on plants, wildlife, soil and water for up to 10 years to ensure the site is compatible with and contributes to the local ecosystem.

How were resource agencies and tribes involved in this mitigation project?

The project team worked with resource agencies and tribes to identify the Evans Creek site. WSDOT worked with resource agencies and tribes through project design and continued to notify these stakeholders during work on the site.

Photo of Evans Creek

Confluence of Evans and Bear creeks

What are the ecological benefits of the mitigation project?

Evans Creek and Bear Creek contain various populations of salmon, including Chinook salmon. In fact, Bear Creek has one of the highest abundances of Chinook salmon of all north Lake Washington tributaries.

The Evans Creek mitigation site supports a variety of wetland plants and wildlife. Native plants provide better habitat than the nonnative reed canarygrass that had taken over this area, and will improve water quality and benefit salmon and other species.

Native wetland plants include dogwood, salmonberry, willow, and native wetland grasses. Other native plant species include black cottonwood, red alder, Western red cedar, and Sitka spruce. The project also incorporated habitat enhancing features such as large and small woody debris.

What was the project timeline?

Work on the site began in summer 2012, and was completed in late 2013. WSDOT anticipates monitoring the site from 2014 to 2024.