Several states have implemented variations on the practical design theme, sometimes with a different name, but all have a similar purpose – to make the best use of limited resources:
FHWA - Performance-Based Practical Design
Though the name, definition, and approach of Practical Design vary from State to State, most states with a Practical Design program emphasize a renewed focus on scoping projects to stay within the core purpose and need. By exercising a greater level of discipline, agencies may eliminate nonessential project design elements resulting in lower cost and improved value. Brief overview of performance-based practical design approach to advance projects
Utah Department of Transportation - Practical Design
Practical Design supports UDOT’s continuing emphasis on innovation, cost savings, and providing the public with the transportation system that meets their needs. The goal is to only build right sized projects that meet focused needs. This allows UDOT to spread limit resources more effectively throughout the transportation system.
Missouri Department of Transportation - Practical Design
Practical Design develops efficient solutions to solve today’s transportation project needs. Innovation and creativity are necessary to accomplish this goal. This document was prepared to effectively begin implementing Practical Design. It is purposely written to allow flexibility for project specific locations.
Oregon Department of Transportation - Practical Design
Practical Design is a way to provide flexible parameters so that design teams can be confident that a particular solution is sufficient to improve the transportation system, without being excessive. In short, Practical Design is a way to let engineers engineer.
Idaho Transportation Department - Practical Solutions (pdf 2mb)
To accomplish Practical Design, we must properly define the project scope by focusing on achieving the project purpose and need, while considering the surroundings of each project. We must be sensitive to where the project is located and implement standards that are appropriate to the context of the surroundings. Our goal is to get the best value for the least cost.
Pennsylvania/New Jersey Department of Transportation - Smart Transportation (pdf 5mb)
Transportation needs will always outweigh available resources. It means incorporating financial constraints, community needs and aspirations, land use, and environmental constraints during project development. The result will be an effective use of resources and a lasting community asset.