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Aviation Economic Impact Calculator

Disclaimer

Welcome to the WSDOT Aviation Economic Impact Calculator. This tool is designed to assist users in estimating an airport’s change in regional economic impacts based on potential changes in activity at the airport. The calculations in this tool are high-level estimates designed to give a sense of magnitude of economic impacts, but are not to be taken as specific projections. The tool uses averages and typical ranges to provide a reasonable estimate of impacts based on the types of changes entered, which should not be assumed to be precise calculations.

The base data used in the Calculator comes from the Airport Information System (AIS) database, which consists of airport activity information self-reported by airport managers. It is important to keep in mind that inaccuracies or out of date information in the AIS may result in estimates that are inconsistent with the current state of the airport.

Please read the instructions carefully to understand the purpose and limitations of the Aviation Economic Impact Calculator.

Please select an airport from the drop down menu. If you are unsure of the official name of an airport or want to look up an airport by its three-letter ID, please refer to page xxi of the Washington State Airport Guide (this link opens a PDF document). The data from the most recent year will be displayed by default.

Airport Name

FAA
Site Number

Year

Counties in the
Economic Impact Region

Fuel Sales offered at this airport

Use this area of the calculator if you want to change the status of fuel sales at this airport.

 

Currently

New Scenario

Aviation Gas (AvGas)
Jet Fuel

Instructions

This section allows you to test a change in the status of fuel sales at the airport, for Aviation Gas (AvGas) and Jet Fuel separately. The “Currently” field will populate with a “yes” or “no” based on whether the airport currently sells that type of fuel. The “New Scenario” field will default to the current status, but can be changed if you choose.

AvGas is assumed to be provided by self-service and Jet Fuel is assumed to be provided through full-service.

Aviation Gas

Because AvGas is assumed to be provided by self-service, the jobs associated with providing fuel service are not assumed to change with a change in the level of flight activity. If the airport currently sells AvGas, and you opt to continue assuming fuel sales, the Calculator will assume no change in the estimated economic impacts.

If the airport does not currently sell either type of fuel and you choose to run the scenario assuming AvGas fuel sales, economic impacts will be added based on the establishment of a new fuel sales operation. If the airport already sells Jet Fuel, the Calculator assumes that the full-service Jet Fuel staff are also handling the sales of AvGas. Therefore, changes in the status of AvGas fuel sales will not have an impact on jobs at the airport.

If the airport currently has AvGas but not Jet Fuel sales and you choose to remove those fuel sales from the scenario being tested, the Calculator will remove jobs and revenue assumed to be related to current fuel sales.

Jet Fuel

Because Jet Fuel sales are assumed to be full-service, the jobs associated with providing that service may increase in relation to operations. If the airport currently sells Jet Fuel and you opt to continue assuming fuel sales, an increase or reduction in fuel sales will be estimated based on a change in operations entered in the Changes in Flight Activity section for those flights that use Jet Fuel (corporate jet aircraft, commercial air taxis, and commercial air carriers).

If the airport does not currently sell fuel and you choose to run the scenario assuming fuel sales, the Calculator will assume new fuel sales based on both current operations and new operations.

If the airport currently has fuel sales and you choose to remove fuel sales from the scenario being tested, the Calculator will remove jobs and revenue it assumes to be related to current fuel sales based on current operations.

Changes in Flight Activity

Use this area of the calculator if you want to see the impacts of changes in flight activity. The new scenario should only be the anticipated change in activity. For example, if you want to test adding 5,000 new operations, enter “5,000” in the new scenario box. If you want to test removing 5,000 operations, enter “-5,000” in the new scenario box.

Currently

Number of Runways

Type of Runway(s)

Airport Reference Code

Currently

New Scenario

General Itinerant Operations:

Personal Aircraft

Business Flights (Small Aircraft)

Corporate Flights (Jet Aircraft)

Currently

New Scenario

General Local Operations:

Personal Aircraft

Business Flights (Small Aircraft)

Corporate Flights (Jet Aircraft)

Currently

New Scenario

Commercial Air Taxi Operations (Charters):

Assumed Airplane Seating Capacity

(Capacity Table)

Assumed % of Seats Filled (Load Factor)

See instructions for additional Load Factor information

Currently

New Scenario

Commercial Air Carrier Operations (Scheduled):

Assumed Airplane Seating Capacity

(Capacity Table)

Assumed % of Seats Filled (Load Factor)

See instructions for additional Load Factor information

Instructions

This section should be used for expected changes in operations. You are given the following categories:

  1. General Itinerant Operations
    1. Personal Aircraft
    2. Business Flights (small aircraft)
    3. Corporate Flights (jet aircraft)
  2. General Local Operations
    1. Personal Aircraft
    2. Business Flights (small aircraft)
    3. Corporate Flights (jet aircraft)
  3. Commercial Air Taxi Operations (Charters)
    1. Assumed airplane seating capacity
    2. Assumed % of seats filled (load factor)
  4. Commercial Air Carrier Operations (Scheduled)
    1. Assumed airplane seating capacity
    2. Assumed % of seats filled (load factor)

General Operations

Changes in General Itinerant Operations will result in estimated changes in visitor spending and Corporate Flights will impact assumptions for Jet Fuel sales (if the scenario assumes fuel sales, see above for further explanation).

Changes in General Local Operations will not assume any increase in jobs at the airport, except for the Corporate Flights section which will impact assumptions for Jet Fuel sales (if the scenario assumes fuel sales, see above for further explanation).

NOTE: If you expect that these activities will generate additional revenue for on-site, aviation-related businesses, such as sightseeing income, or cause a need for new jobs at an aviation-related business located on the airport, you will need to enter those jobs and revenue impacts on the Changes in Business Activity tab to capture the full impact.

Commercial Operations

Changes in Commercial Air Taxi or Commercial Air Carrier Operations require you to estimate the seating capacity of the new flights as well as the percent of seats occupied (load factor). The Calculator defaults to a load factor of 75%, which is an industry standard assumption for commercial air traffic, but this may be changed if you choose to better reflect the specific airport being analyzed. This percentage affects the number of passengers estimated on each added or subtracted flight, impacting the estimates of visitor spending and airline revenue.

Changes in these categories will estimate changes in Jet Fuel sales (if the scenario assumes fuel sales - see above for further explanation), changes in visitor spending, and changes in airline revenue.

Entering Negative Numbers

You may enter negative numbers to see the estimated economic consequences of removing existing flights. However, you may not remove more flights than are listed under the current data. In addition, is imperative that you reasonably estimate the airplane capacities and number of seats filled for commercial flights based on what is currently flying at the airport. Incorrect estimations can result in over- or under-estimating the impacts of removing those flights.

Airplane Capacity

Aircraft Capacity by Airport Reference Code

The purpose of this document is to help users of the Aviation Economic Impact Online Calculator estimate the seating capacity of new airport operations. This document provides examples of airplane types and seating capacities for each Airport Reference Code (ARC), but does not comprehensively cover all possible aircraft types.

This table is for estimating purposes only and should never be used to determine if your airplane can land at a specific airport.

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. Find the ARC listed for the airport under the “Changes in Flight Activity” section of the calculator. This field will only be populated if you have selected an airport in the “Airport Name” field.
  2. Find the airport’s ARC in the table below.
    1. All aircraft listed below the airport’s ARC can take off and land at the airport, including aircraft in sets listed below your airport’s ARC.
    2. All airplanes listed above the airport’s ARC are too large or too fast for the airport’s current runway(s). Only assume these seating capacities if the sample project you are analyzing would allow the airport to handle new types of aircraft.

EXAMPLE SEATING CAPACITIES BY AIRPORT REFERENCE CODE

ARC

Aircraft Make

Aircraft Model

Seating Capacity

Representative Plane

D-V
Airbus A330 293
Boeing 747 420-496
Boeing 777 368-440
C-IV, D-IV
Airbus A300 269
Boeing 757 143-186
Boeing 767 216-269
McDonnel Douglas MD11F 298
C-III, D-III
Airbus A318 117
Airbus A319 134
Airbus A320 132-164
Airbus A321 185
Boeing 727 134
Boeing 737 108-184
McDonnel Douglas MD-83 172
McDonnel Douglas MD-88 172
McDonnel Douglas MD-90 158
C-II, D-II
Bombardier CRJ-200 50
Bombardier CRJ-700 70
Canadair RJ 100/200 50
Canadair RJ 900 90
Canadian Regional Jet 700 70
A-III, B-III
De Havilland Canada DHC-8 39-78
A-II, B-II
Cessna 208 Caravan 9
De Havilland Canada DHC-3 Turbo Otter 9
Embraer E120 30
Embraer EMB-120 19
King Air 200 9
Pilatus PC-12 9
B-I
Piper PA-31 10
A-I
Cessna 207B 5
Piper PA-34 6

Changes in Business Activity

Use this area of the calculator if you want to see the impacts of changing the level of business activity at the airport, such as by adding or removing aviation-related businesses from the airport footprint or changing the level of activity of existing businesses. For each of the business categories, you may enter an increase or reduction in jobs, wages, or sales, or any combination of the three. If you do not enter a number in one of the three fields, or if you enter a zero, the Calculator will estimate a value based on the information you did enter. NOTE: Jobs are entered by headcount, not Full Time Equivalent (FTE).

Est. New
Sales

Est. New
Wages

Est. New
Jobs

Wages
Per Job

Sales
Per Job

Aircraft and Aircraft Engine Manufacturing

Other Manufacturing/Fabrication

Warehousing and Storage

Mgmnt., Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services

Machinery/Equipment Repair and Maintenance

Scientific Research and Development

Sightseeing Transportation

Retail Businesses

Other Businesses and Support Services

Instructions

This section is for estimating changes in revenue and jobs at businesses located on airport property that are aviation-related. It is not designed to estimate the impact of jobs or revenue at businesses not located at the airport, such as in a neighboring city, or business that are located at the airport but do not use the airport for their business operations, such as a warehouse company that could be located in an off-site industrial park.

You are given the following business categories for which to enter estimated changes:

  1. Aircraft and Aircraft Engine Manufacturing
  2. Other Manufacturing/Fabrication
  3. Warehousing and Storage
  4. Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services
  5. Machinery/Equipment Repair and Maintenance
  6. Scientific Research and Development
  7. Sightseeing Transportation
  8. Retail Businesses
  9. Other Businesses and Support Services

For each of the business categories, you may enter an increase or reduction in jobs, wages, or sales, or any combination of the three. If you do not enter a number in one of the three fields, or if you enter a zero, the Calculator will estimate a value based on the information you did enter.

NOTE: The Calculator is designed to interpret an entry of zero as a lack of information, and will attempt to fill in that field based on relationships to other entered information. If the scenario you are analyzing includes a desired zero, enter a low, non-zero number instead, such as one. This will have minimal impact on the estimated economic impact and will keep the tool from trying to estimate the field itself.

If you are estimating impacts for more than one business in the same category, you must sum together the jobs, wages, and sales for those businesses.

If you enter jobs together with either wages or sales, the Calculator will show you the resulting wages per job or sales per job for your information as a check on the accuracy of your entry.

Changes in Cargo Activity

Use this area of the calculator if you want to see the impacts of changing levels of cargo activity.

New Operations

% Ops. Jet Fuel

Est. New
Sales

Est. New
Wages

Est. New
Jobs

Cargo Activity

Instructions

This section is for changes in cargo flights and cargo business activity. You must enter at least three pieces of information:

  1. Estimated change in cargo operations;
  2. Estimated percentage of operations that will use Jet Fuel; and
  3. Estimated changes in cargo business sales, wages, OR jobs (or any combination of the three)

The change in operations and estimated percent using Jet Fuel will allow the Calculator to estimate a change in Jet Fuel sales from new or reduced flights (operations using AvGas do not affect the estimated jobs associated with selling AvGas since it is self-service). The change in sales, wages, or jobs will allow the Calculator to estimate impacts from the change in business activity. Like the section above, if you leave any of the sales, wages, or jobs fields blank, the Calculator will estimate them for you.

Capital Projects

Use this section to estimate the one-time impact of dollars associated with construction of capital projects at the airport. These impacts are only assumed to occur during the period of construction. If the capital project you are entering also has long-term impacts that you would like to estimate ongoing annual impacts for, those changes must be entered separately in the relevant section. Please see the instructions and sample projects documents for more information about entering capital projects.

Federal Grants

State Grants

Local Funding

Other

Infrastructure
(roads, utilities, etc.)

New Buildings

Instructions

This section is for entering dollars that will be spent on one-time capital projects at the airport. You are given two categories of projects:

  1. Infrastructure. Examples of infrastructure are new roads, paving of existing roads, pavement overlay, improvements or addition of utilities, etc.
  2. New Buildings. Examples of new buildings are hangars, air traffic control towers, warehouses, or office complexes.

You are given four categories for types of funding:

  1. Federal grants
  2. State grants
  3. Local funding
  4. Other funding

From your estimated dollars, the Calculator will estimate the one-time impacts from the construction activity. Note that these impacts are different from all other fields on the Calculator in that these impacts are only assumed to occur during the period of construction, while all other impacts are assumed to continue indefinitely. These one-time impacts are summarized separately in the results section of the Calculator.

NOTE: If a capital project also has long-term business impacts, those impacts must be added separately in the above sections to fully capture all economic impacts.

  • Changes in Flight Activity has error(s).
  • Changes in Business Activity has error(s).
  • Changes in Cargo Activity has error(s).
  • Changes in Capital Projects has error(s).

Aviation Calculator Results

Reading the Impact Tables

The impacts of the airport’s current activity (estimated in the original Aviation Economic Impact Study) and the new scenario activity you have entered are displayed in tables at the bottom of the interface. Impacts from airport business activity and construction activity are shown on the left. Impacts from visitor spending are shown on the right. The impacts of one-time capital projects are shown in the bottom left table.

Airport business and construction activity impacts (the left column of tables) are being estimated for a defined Economic Impact Region for each specific airport. The counties included in the Economic Impact Region are shown next to the airport selection drop down box at the top of the Calculator site. These counties define the geography in which estimated direct, indirect, and induced impacts are assumed to occur.

Impacts from visitor spending (the right column of tables) are estimated statewide.

  • The first tables at the top show impacts from the airport’s current economic activity. These impacts are based on actual activity occurring on the airport as could reasonably be estimated.
    NOTE: These impacts are for aviation-dependent businesses only. For businesses that are located at the airport, but do not rely on aviation for their business, impacts are not shown.
  • The second row of tables shows the estimated impacts of the new scenario(s) you have run. Remember to click the recalculate button to make sure these impacts are reflecting your most recently entered scenario.
    • Direct Impacts: Direct impacts represent the amount of the initial business activity (from aviation-related businesses on the airport, or from visitors traveling through the airport) that remains within the local economy.
      Jobs and wages that are entered in the Business Activity categories become direct jobs and wages in the impact tables because the jobs (and the wages associated with them) are all assumed to be located on the airport, which is within the economic impact region. However, if total sales are entered, the direct output is less than total sales because only a portion of those sales are assumed to be re-spent within the local economy.
    • Indirect and Induced Impacts: Indirect and induced impacts result when the direct dollars are recirculated within the local economy, such as when an industry purchases supplies from another local business and when employees make local purchases for their households.
    • Total Impacts: Total impacts are the sum of the direct, indirect, and induced impacts.
  • The third row of tables shows the sum of current and new scenario impacts.

All of the tables defined above show estimated annual ongoing impacts. Note that jobs are headcounts, not Full Time Equivalents.

  • The fourth table on the left shows the one-time estimated impacts of construction. Unlike the other impacts, which are assumed to continue indefinitely, these impacts are only for the period of time during which construction is occurring.

Airport Businesses

CURRENT ESTIMATED ECONOMIC IMPACTS

Direct

Indirect/
Induced

Total Impact

Jobs
Labor Income
Total Output

NEW SCENARIO ONGOING ESTIMATED ECONOMIC IMPACTS

Direct

Indirect/
Induced

Total Impact

Jobs
Labor Income
Total Output

TOTAL EXISTING + NEW SCENARIO ONGOING ESTIMATED ECONOMIC IMPACTS

Direct

Indirect/
Induced

Total Impact

Jobs
Labor Income
Total Output

NEW SCENARIO ONE-TIME ESTIMATED ECONOMIC IMPACTS (From Construction)

Direct

Indirect/
Induced

Total Impact

Jobs
Labor Income
Total Output

Visitor Spending

CURRENT ESTIMATED ECONOMIC IMPACTS

Direct

Indirect/
Induced

Total Impact

Jobs
Labor Income
Total Output

NEW SCENARIO ONGOING ESTIMATED
ECONOMIC IMPACTS

Direct

Indirect/
Induced

Total Impact

Jobs
Labor Income
Total Output

TOTAL EXISTING + NEW SCENARIO ONGOING ESTIMATED ECONOMIC IMPACTS

Direct

Indirect/
Induced

Total Impact

Jobs
Labor Income
Total Output
  • Changes in Flight Activity has error(s).
  • Changes in Business Activity has error(s).
  • Changes in Cargo Activity has error(s).
  • Changes in Capital Projects has error(s).