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Transportation Benchmarks (2002 - 2007)

Historical Overview of RCW 47.01.012
The 2002 – 2007 Transportation Benchmarks
Amending RCW 47.01.012
End of Benchmark Reporting

Historical Overview of RCW 47.01.012
The Transportation Benchmarks were a set of legislatively-enacted policy goals that preceded the state’s six current transportation policy goals for transportation agencies (RCW 47.01.012). The benchmarks included specific policy goals and performance measures to evaluate annual transportation system performance. In 2000, the Governor appointed a Blue Ribbon Commission to evaluate whether transportation benchmarks would be effective for evaluating and improving transportation system performance. Their recommendations were then evaluated by the Washington State Transportation Commission in 2001. In 2002, the Legislature enacted engrossed substitute House Bill 2304, directing the Transportation Commission to develop benchmarks based on policy goals for the operation, performance of, and investment in the state’s transportation system.

The Transportation Benchmarks
The Legislature set the following nine policy goals to be used in developing the benchmarks:

Improving safety 

No interstate highways, state routes, and local arterials shall be in poor condition 

No bridges shall be structurally deficient, and safety retrofits shall be performed on those state bridges at the highest seismic risk levels

Traffic congestion on urban state highways shall be significantly reduced and be no worse than the national mean

Delay per driver shall be significantly reduced and be no worse than the national mean

Per capita vehicle miles traveled shall be maintained at 2000 levels 

The non-auto share of commuter trips shall be increased in urban areas

Administrative costs as a percentage of transportation spending shall achieve the most efficient quartile nationally

The state’s public transit agencies shall achieve the median cost per vehicle revenue hour of peer transit agencies, adjusting for the regional cost of living


The Transportation Commission, working with WSDOT, adopted specific measures to evaluate the performance of the benchmarks that were enacted (see above). Beginning in 2003, WSDOT included an annual Benchmarks Report with its June 30th edition of the Gray Notebook. WSDOT then presented the annual report to the Transportation Commission to update its members on the state’s performance towards achieving the nine benchmarks.

Benchmark Publications Submitted to the
Washington State Transportation Commission 

Title  Description  Date  File Size 
Transportation Benchmarks Implementation Executive Summary  An overview of the development and implementation of the 2003 Benchmarks Report  August 2003  167 kb 
Transportation Benchmarks Implementation Report  A Summary report on the implementation of Transportation Benchmarks codified in RCW 47.01.012  August 2003  1.5 mb 
2003 Transportation Benchmarks Report Excerpt from the March 31, 2003 Gray Notebook 9 May 2003  565 kb 
2004 Transportation Benchmarks Report  Excerpt from the June 30, 2004 Gray Notebook 14 August 2004  477 kb 
2005 Transportation Benchmarks Report Excerpt from the June 30, 2005 Gray Notebook 18     August 2005 550 kb
2006 Transportation Benchmarks Report Excerpt from the June 30, 2006 Gray Notebook 22 August 2006 374 kb

Amending RCW 47.01.012 – Shifting from Benchmarks to Policy Goals
In 2005, a legislatively-created transportation audit board reviewed state transportation statues, benchmarks, and other investment criteria with the goal of simplifying WSDOT’s numerous investment instructions and reporting requirements. These include the nine Transportation Benchmarks, the Governor’s Priorities of Government budgeting program (also known as POG), Performance Auditing, Government Management Accountability Program reporting (also known as GMAP), and legislatively mandated capital investment criteria. That study recommended that Washington state adopt a model based on the system of policy goals and objectives used by the state of Maryland to evaluate system performance. (For more information on the Maryland system, please see the Transportation Performance Measures Library)

The 2007 Legislature implemented the study’s recommendations, and repealed the existing nine transportation benchmarks, establishing five policy goals that did not codify specific benchmarks and performance measures. The state’s transportation policy goals for the planning, operation, performance of, and investment in, the state’s transportation system include:

  • Preservation: to maintain, preserve, and extend the life and utility of prior investments in transportation systems and services;
  • Safety: to provide for and improve the safety and security of transportation customers and the transportation system;
  • Mobility (Congestion Relief): to improve the predictable movement of goods and people throughout Washington state;
  • Environment: to enhance Washington’s quality of life through transportation investments that promote energy conservation, enhance healthy communities, and protect the environment; and
  • Stewardship: to continually improve the quality, effectiveness, and efficiency of the transportation system.

In 2010, the Legislature added a sixth policy goal to RCW 47.01.012:

  • Economic Vitality: To promote and develop transportation systems that stimulate, support, and enhance the movement of people and goods to ensure a prosperous economy.

End of Benchmark Reporting
When the Legislature repealed the Transportation Benchmarks after RCW 47.01.012 was amended in 2007, WSDOT discontinued their use. However, the Transportation Benchmarks and their annual reports remain a valuable asset when considering the state’s historical performance, and are maintained here on this page. The Gray Notebook Subject Index contains references to all of the performance measures used in reporting between 2003 and 2006, available here.